Birth Date – 03/31/1878

Birth place – Galveston , Texas

-        Under the name John Arthur Johnson and spent much of his teenage life working on boats and along the city’s dock.

-        Johnson began boxing in 1897 and quickly became and accomplished and feared fighter , standing 6’1 and weighing 192 lbs

-        Johnson captured the “Colored Heavyweight Championship of the world” on February 3rd 1903 in Los Angeles , California and became the World Heavyweight Champion in 1908 , he defeated Tommy Burns for the title and thereby became the first Black Man to hold the World Heavyweight Title , a face that did now endear him to the hearts of white boxing fans.

-        Johnson was extremely confident about his capabilities and defeated everyone he faced with ease. He also bucked many of the social “rules” of the day and openly dated white women. This eventually got him into trouble in 1912 when he was arrested for violation of the Mann Act , a law often used to prevent Black men from traveling with white women , he was charged with taking his White girlfriend , Lucille Cameron across state lines for “immoral purposes” although he and Lucille married later in the year , he was convicted of the crime by judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis (who would later become the Commissioner of Major League Baseball) and was sentenced to Federal prison for one year. Before he could be imprisoned , he and Lucille fled to Europe.

-        Johnson eventually returned to the United States and was sent to Leavenworth Federal Prison in Kansas , while in prison Johnson found need for a tool which would help tighten or loosen fastening devices. He therefore crafted a tool and eventually patented it on April 18 1922 , Calling it a wrench.

-        Jack Johnson died on June 10th 1946 in an automobile accident in Raligh , North Carolina and was elected to the Boxing Hall of Fame in 1954.