‚Äč-        Black Seminole leader

-        Helped renew resistance in the Second Seminole War with two dramatic escapes in 1837.

-        Served as a U.S. Army Scout in Florida, helped negotiate the surrender of more than 500 Native Americans in 1838.

-        Led the largest mass slave escape in U.S. history from Oklahoma to Mexico (1849-1850).

-        Founded free Black settlements in Oklahoma (1849) and Mexico (1851)

-        Secured the communal title for the Black Seminoles to their land grant in Mexico, where descendants still live today.