​-        Abolitionist, journalist, physician, writer, and arguably the first proponent of Black Nationalism.

-        Led the Vigilance Committee that helped relocate fugitive slaves.

-        Joined integrated militia to help defend the Black community against White mob attacks.

-        Founded, the Mystery, the first African American newspaper published west of the Allegheny Mountains.

-        One of three, first Black men to enroll in Harvard Medical College, in 1850.

-        Commissioned as major, and first African American field officer in the United States Army, during American Civil War.​​