​-        Rwandan warrior Queen and spiritualist.

-        Widow of Rwabugin, Chief of Rwanda in the late 19th century.

-        Forced into hiding in the mountains with her son after her husband was killed by his stepmother.

-        Followed the Nyabinghi religion and was thought by many to possess the spirit of Nyabinghi, the ancestral Queen, because of her intelligence and charisma.

-        Became the leader of the mountain people and led an anti-colonial struggle against the Germans and British, who were trying to take over the region.

-        Her power scared the British, who put the Witchcraft Act of 1912 ino place in Rwanda to try to reduce Muhumusa’s power once she was captured and exiled.