Pull weeds up by the roots using a hand fork or a border fork. Push the fork into the ground near the base of the weed, then pull the handle down and back toward you. This motion will push the weed up and out of the ground. Pull the taproot (the long, thick root at the base of the weed) up and dispose of it.
Some of the most common garden weeds are dandelions, thistles, stinging nettles, and bindweed.
There are many different species of weeds, so they all look a bit different. However, if you see something shooting growing in your garden that is not in a spot where you planted a seed, it’s probably a weed.
Pour water around the base of the plant. Applying water to the plant itself can cause it to pool and collect in recesses rather than get to the roots of the plant where it belongs. Pour or spray the water gently over the base of the plants you’re growing.
On average, plants needs 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water each week, but you should consult plant-specific guides or the directions provided on the back of your seed packet for information regarding exactly how much water your various plants need and how often you should water them.
Feel the top few inches or centimeters of soil around your plants to detect moisture levels.
Rotate your crops every year. Rotating your crops refers to the practice of not planting the same crop in the same place year after year. As a general rule, you should not plant the same crop in the same soil it was grown in initially for at least 3 years.
Rotating crops allows the soil to rebuild its supply of nutrients and minerals. It can also help to control pest infestations.
Failing to rotate your crops will lead to soil exhaustion, and you will be unable to grow anything.
Take notes about your garden and its growing habits. Your first garden will give you a wealth of experience that you can use in subsequent years. Keep a notebook about growing conditions, how much you watered various plants, what grew well, what didn’t grow well, and so on. As you continue learning and gardening, continue to take notes and refer back to them at the start of each growing season to improve your methods.