Diet - Herbivore
Herbivorous; a grazer, it eats about 40 kg of preferably short grass nightly, mowing a 50 cm swath with its muscular lips.
Most mating occurs in the dry season, always in the water, when populations are concentrated. Females conceive at age 9 years and then calve at 2 yearly intervals.
Most calves are born in rainy months after an 8 month gestation period.
13 feet long and up to 5 feet tall.
1600-3200 kg (males) 655-2344 kg (females).
Rivers, swamps and protected areas. Formerly everywhere south of the Sahara where adequate water and grazing occur. Largely confined now to protected areas but still survives in many major rivers and swamps.
Hippos need water deep enough to cover them, within commuting distance of pasture. They must submerge because their thin, naked skin is vulnerable to overheating and dehydration. They avoid rapids, preferring gently sloping, firm bottom where herds can rest half-submerged and calves can nurse without swimming.
Hippo , Hippopotamus , Animals , Africa Wild Life , Wild Animals , Safari , Jungle.