Diet - Herbivore

Herbivorous; a grazer, it eats about 40 kg of preferably short grass nightly, mowing a 50 cm swath with its muscular lips.

Reproduction

Most mating occurs in the dry season, always in the water, when populations are concentrated. Females conceive at age 9 years and then calve at 2 yearly intervals.

Gestation

Most calves are born in rainy months after an 8 month gestation period.

Life Expectancy

50 years

Predators

Humans
Lions
Crocodiles

Size

13 feet long and up to 5 feet tall.

Weight

1600-3200 kg (males) 655-2344 kg (females).

Habitat

Rivers, swamps and protected areas. Formerly everywhere south of the Sahara where adequate water and grazing occur. Largely confined now to protected areas but still survives in many major rivers and swamps.

Hippos need water deep enough to cover them, within commuting distance of pasture. They must submerge because their thin, naked skin is vulnerable to overheating and dehydration. They avoid rapids, preferring gently sloping, firm bottom where herds can rest half-submerged and calves can nurse without swimming.




Hippo , Hippopotamus , Animals , Africa Wild Life , Wild Animals , Safari , Jungle.