African wild dogs live in packs. Pack sizes range from six to twenty dogs. Unlike the agression they show towards their prey, there is no aggression within the pack and very little agression within the hierarchy of the pack.

The entire pack contribute to rearing the young. Both parents tend to and feed the young and other pack members will go out to hunt and on returning to the den will regurgitate food for pups and the nurding mother.


Litter sizes are large but very few pups generally survive.

Life Expectancy

4 to 6 years in the wild; 10 to 12 years in captivity.




Stands 60 to 85 cm at the shoulder.


45 to 65 pounds.


The species is restricted to Africa, preferring a habitat with open short-grassed or bushy grasslands where there is water and where it has space to run down its prey. In the sub-region of the continent wild dog used to be more widespread, but today is found only in the national parks and game reserves.


Nomadic by nature, wild dogs keep on the move: thus one can expect to see them in any suitable area where food is plentiful and fencing no hindrance. Wild dogs are currently being reintroduced to several game parks, and the progress of the operation is being monitored.

Diet - Carnivore

As a carnivorous species, it eats meat, preferring fresh kills of large or small mammals. Wild dogs kill only for food. They have a reputation for being cruel, but in fact they kill their prey as swiftly as most other predators. Prey is chased by the pack and smaller animals are pulled down. Larger prey may keep running while the dogs continue to bite and tear at it. In both cases prey dies quickly, usually from shock or loss of blood. Wild dogs concentrate on 'easy' prey, mainly the young, sick and old.