​Socialization

Wildebeest are continually on the move as they look for supplies of grass and water. Active both day and night, they have a tendency to string out in long single columns when on the move. They cover long distances at a slow rocking gallop but can run fast when necessary.

During mating season smaller breeding groups of about 150 animals form within the massive herds. In these small groups, five or six of the most active bulls establish and defend territories that females wander through. The bulls perform antics, galloping and bucking around their territories. They paw the ground and rub their heads on it, spreading secretions. They also urinate and daefecate in a certain spot and toll in it to signal to other bulls to stay away.

Reproduction

Females give birth to one calf at a time.

Gestation

Gestation period is 8.5 months.

Life expectancy

20 years in the wild (according to the AWF, they can life up to 40 years).

Predators

African Wild Dogs
Hyenas
Cheetahs
Lions

Size

Stands 50 to 58 inches at the shoulder.

Weight

Between 300 and 400 pounds.

Habitat

Wildebeest are found in open woodlands and on grassy plains.

Distribution

In South Africa, distribution is concentrated to the north-eastern regions of the country. Although Wildebeest are not regarded as endangered, they are mostly found only in conservation areas.

Diet - Herbivore

Strictly grazers, wildebeest prefer short grass. They are unable to go without water for more than a few days.